“New Reality” Grips America
November 2012 | Research & Analysis
In 2007, Architecture 2030 published a coastal inundation study for over 100 communities in the U.S. Its findings: We are a Nation Under Siege.
See the study and mapping here.
Five of the Top 10 Global Cities Vulnerable to Coastal Flooding are Found in the U.S.
According to an Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) study published in 2008, five of the top 10 global cities of over one million people with assets and infrastructure exposed to coastal flooding are found in the U.S. – Miami, Greater New York, New Orleans, Tampa-St Petersburg and Virginia Beach – with a current exposure of more than $1 trillion.
Note: Nicholls, R. J. et al. (2008), “Ranking Port Cities with High Exposure and Vulnerability to Climate Extremes: Exposure Estimates”, OECD Environment Working Papers, No. 1, OECD Publishing. Exposure is in the form of buildings, transport infrastructure, and other long-lived assets. The unit for monetary amounts is 2001 US dollars (USD).
New York, NY. 3.0-meters Sea Level Rise.
Miami Beach, FL. 1.0-meter Sea Level Rise
New Orleans, LA. 1.0-meter Sea Level Rise
Tampa, FL. 1.5-meters Sea Level Rise
Hampton, VA. 1.0-meter Sea Level Rise
$9.2 Trillion At Risk in the U.S. by 2070
The total value of assets and infrastructure exposed to coastal flooding in 136 global port cities of over one million people is $3 trillion. The total value of exposed assets is expected to increase to $35 trillion by 2070 due to climate change, subsidence and demographic and economic shifts.
The two countries with the most port assets at risk in 2070 are China and the U.S. with $10.8 trillion and $9.2 trillion respectively
NOTE: These estimates do not include the most recent assessments of sea level rise which have increased since Architecture published Nation Under Siege in 2007.
Galveston, TX and Hurricane Ike
Architecture 2030’s work on mapping sea level rise for the Texas Observer for Galveston, Texas was published in Nov. 2007 – That Sinking Feeling depicted 1 meter, 1.5 meters and 2 meters of sea level rise. Ike struck Galveston on Sep 12th 2008, pushing water up against Galveston Island, and raising sea level by over 3 meters.
Sea level rise study, That Sinking Feeling, Galveston, Texas, published, Nov. 2007,
Hurricane Ike, September 12, 2008, 3:59pm EDT.
Hurricane Ike, 3-meters (9ft 10in) sea level rise, Galveston Island, September 12, 2008.
Hurricane Sandy: In the News
3-D Maps Pictured Sandy’s Devastation – Five Years Ago
Is the destruction from superstorm Sandy a preview of what’s to come as sea levels continue to rise from climate change?
Jason Plautz, Inside Climate News
Superstorm Sandy Delivers Wake-Up Call for Low-Lying Florida
Dozens of cities in Florida would be flooded with a 3 to 7-foot rise in sea level—substantially lower than Hurricane Sandy’s 9-foot surge in NYC.
Lisa Song, Inside Climate News